These are the sources and citations used to research Psycho. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on
In-text: (Information for Parents: Behaviors That Could Be Symptoms of OCD | Anxiety and Depression Association of America, ADAA, 2016)
Your Bibliography: Adaa.org. 2016. Information for Parents: Behaviors That Could Be Symptoms of OCD | Anxiety and Depression Association of America, ADAA. [online] Available at: <https://adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd/symptoms/info-for-parents> [Accessed 1 June 2018].
In-text: (Barlow and Durand, 2015)
Your Bibliography: Barlow, D. and Durand, V., 2015. Abnormal Psychology. 7th ed. New Delhi: Cengage, pp.163-167.
This article discusses the benefits of family-based cognitive behavioral therapy (FB-BCT) in treating children between the ages of four and eight years old with OCD and its versatility in that it can be used through Videoteleconferencing (VTC) means. The study randomized twenty-two children into clinical FB-CBT and VTC FB-CBT and conducted a fourteen week-long treatment session combined with exposure response therapy and parental coaching and teaching methods. Parents were encouraged to work with their kids in their treatment plans. The results showed significant satisfaction in regards to the therapeutic relationships and overall satisfaction with both processes. What is more, for both groups, significant successes in follow up symptom reduction measures were found, exemplifying long-lasting results. This study paves the way for future research on more family-based treatment methods and various opportunities to allow for more technological and available counseling methods.
In-text: (Comer et al., 2017)
Your Bibliography: Comer, J., Furr, J., Kerns, C., Miguel, E., Coxe, S., Elkins, R., Carpenter, A., Cornacchio, D., Cooper-Vince, C., DeSerisy, M., Chou, T., Sanchez, A., Khanna, M., Franklin, M., Garcia, A. and Freeman, J., 2017. Internet-delivered, family-based treatment for early-onset OCD: A pilot randomized trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, [online] 85(2), pp.178-186. Available at: <https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.canisius.edu/psycinfo/docview/1848264883/fulltextPDF/96AADCE99DBF4165PQ/157?accountid=26533> [Accessed 2 June 2018].
This study's initial hypotheses were that early-onset OCD would lead to more severe impairment than later onset OCD and that males would experience more severity than their female counterparts. Done by an online survey, measuring family dynamic, socioeconomic status, a perceived severity by the parent of the subject, it was found that there were no significant findings for the original hypothesis. However, a strong correlation was found between severity of symptoms and family dynamic. While no causal relationship was found, the study does emphasize the role of the family in a child with OCD and how counselor should focus on such a dynamic and discover how the family is affecting the child and vice versa in order to establish the best treatment method and predict a course for the disorder. What is more, the study suggests that children with OCD, or young males, do not necessarily exhibit a worse prognosis than their counterparts.
In-text: (Kenyon and Eaton, 2015)
Your Bibliography: Kenyon, K. and Eaton, W., 2015. Age at child obsessive-compulsive disorder onset and its relation to gender, symptom severity, and family functioning. Archives of Scientific Psychology, [online] 3(1), pp.150-158. Available at: <https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.canisius.edu/psycinfo/docview/1733933971/4CF845092C1B4BDFPQ/3?accountid=26533> [Accessed 2 June 2018].
In-text: (Thompson-Hollands, Edson, Tompson and Comer, 2014)
Your Bibliography: Thompson-Hollands, J., Edson, A., Tompson, M. and Comer, J., 2014. Family involvement in the psychological treatment of obsessive–compulsive disorder: A meta-analysis. Journal of Family Psychology, [online] 28(3), pp.287-298. Available at: <https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.canisius.edu/psycinfo/docview/1533051428/7DE0CB73618146BEPQ/1?accountid=26533> [Accessed 3 June 2018].
In-text: (Wagner, 2009)
Your Bibliography: Wagner, A., 2009. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder in Children and Teenagers. 1st ed. [ebook] Bosotn: International OCD Foundation. Available at: <https://iocdf.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/OCD-in-Children-and-Teenagers-Fact-Sheet.pdf> [Accessed 1 June 2018].
In-text: (Williams and Jahn, 2017)
Your Bibliography: Williams, M. and Jahn, M., 2017. Obsessive–compulsive disorder in African American children and adolescents: Risks, resiliency, and barriers to treatment. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, [online] 87(3), pp.291-303. Available at: <http://Obsessive–compulsive disorder in African American children and adolescents: Risks, resiliency, and barriers to treatment> [Accessed 1 June 2018].
While OCD is widely researched and commonly diagnosed, it should be noted that there is a lack of research in regards to OCD in marginalized populations. This study attempts to build on the theory that racial discrimination can impact mental health issues, specifically OCD in the African American Community. The study hypothesized that racial discrimination would lead to more OCD symptoms in regards to the contamination type amongst African Americans. Interviewing over 1,500 African Americans, the researchers measured the various types of obsessions and compulsions, the number of each the participant had, and the amount of racial and nonracial discrimination the participants faced day to day and the possible reasons for it. The study found significant evidence that racial discrimination was associated with contamination and forbidden thoughts and well as all types of compulsions. What is more, no correlation was found in terms of nonracial discrimination, exemplifying the unique role race plays in the manifestation of OCD amongst African Americans and laying the foundation for future research on how other marginalized groups' mental health may be affected by discrimination.
In-text: (Williams et al., 2017)
Your Bibliography: Williams, M., Taylor, R., Mouzon, D., Oshin, L., Himle, J. and Chatters, L., 2017. Discrimination and symptoms of obsessive–compulsive disorder among African Americans. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, [online] 87(6), pp.636-645. Available at: <https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.canisius.edu/docview/1929484153/fulltextPDF/375BB4F5BEBD4093PQ/12?accountid=26533> [Accessed 2 June 2018].
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