Earth damage is the negative effect imposed on the planet earth either by manmade, natural and others. Man made activities are events that are a hazardous can be caused by fire, population increase, pollution. Natural causes are earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, droughts, floods and climate change especially global warming. Other causes are terrorism activities. Earth damage can be damaged in four stages: mitigation, preparedness, response and rehabilitation.
Manmade Causes of earth damage can be reversed. Pollution as an example is considered as main cause of earth damage. If we change our ways like poor recycling habits, change lifestyles in order to adopt healthy living, litigation and implementation of policies that regulate pollution by the governments in place will reduce pollution. Fire as manmade cause of earth damage can be controlled through creation of awareness to the population on methods of prevention and control on cases of fire management. Increase in population globally also brings damage to earth through urban growth and shrinkage resources. It fastens usage of resources like water, forests etc, if globally stake holders control population through family planning programs and regular census depletion of resources can be reduced hence reduction of earth damage. In summary waste mechanism policies and regulations to be put in place appropriately. On pollution from industrial waste like emission of poisonous gasses to the hemisphere can be contained by technological advancements through safety and occupational hazard management. On sea pollution which is a treat to aquatic life measures of safeguarding oil spills in ships can be checked by putting up rules and laws that govern sea transport. In a scenario where human activities have deforrestated our natural forest reforestation programmes may be established.
Natural causes are irreversible. Eartguakes happens as a release of energy on earth crust which creates seismic waves and not reversible because it’s a natural occurring. Volcanic eruptions occur due to rupture of earth crust and cannot be reversed due to its nature. Change of climate or global warming is irreversible for example Carbon dioxide level is going, and it will not go down for long. Nations in the world community are not able to control Carbon dioxide production appropriately. Rich and poor nations cannot come up with a plan that will reach a desirable globe soon but also through science it can be reduced by slowing its effect on the earth. In case of hurricanes they are irreversible but can be mitigated by putting measures on reconstruction of damaged ecosystem. Droughts can be reemits by applying intensive irrigation. Floods can be mitigated by building dams for storage of water to be used during droughts.
Terrorism can be reduced by creating awareness and being vigilant by the sitting governments. Also establishing international counterterrorism laws.
Manmade causes of earth damage can be reversed by 80%. Natural causes cannot be reversed by a margin of about 75%; other causes of damage like terrorism can only be reversed if the authorities are willing and committed to eradicate terrorism. However serious mitigation ideologies can be instituted that may be used to contain the damage. There is room to engage UNEP as a body that is mandated with authority to handle earth safety and all the member bodies of united nation countries should contribute to a common kitty to finance mitigation of damage. - 5 references