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Reference list

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Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published). Title. Retrieved Date Accessed, from http://Website URL

Example: Islam,. (2014). Evils of Gossip and Backbiting in Islam. Retrieved 12 June 2014, from

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Author Surname, Year Published)


There may be some situations in which a story must be shared, even if it may be hurtful. Muslim scholars have outlined six situations in which one is justified in sharing gossip: •When making a complaint to a judge about an injustice that has been done, in order for one to reclaim his or her rights.
 •To seek help which will prevent a person from continuing to commit a certain sin.
 •To seek advice from a Muslim scholar about whether a particular action is allowed or disallowed. In this case, one may mention a certain situation without giving names, in order to obtain a judgment on the matter.
 •To identify a particular person.
 •If someone publicly declares his sins, openly, there is no harm in speaking about it.
 •To warn others about a certain person. For example, it is an obligation for us to warn others about a person who is known to cheat or steal. ( Islam, 2014)

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