Use the following template or our APA Citation Generator to cite a report. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.
Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.
Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published). Title (p. Pages Used). City: Publisher. Retrieved from http://Website URL
Organisation for Petroleum Exporting Countries,. (2014). Monthly Oil Market Report July 2014 (p. 1). Austria: Organisation for Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.
(Author Surname, Year Published)
The OPEC Reference Basket increased by $2.45 in June to reach $107.89/b. (Organisation for Petroleum Exporting Countries, 2014)
There are many types of reports: research reports, government reports, and technical reports are a few examples. However, they are all treated the same way in in-text citations. The in-text citation for a report in APA is similar to those of a journal or a magazine article. The type of publication (book, journal, newspaper, etc.) is not an essential element in the APA in-text citation. APA includes the author’s last name(s) (or the organization’s name) and the year of publication for in-text citations.
Therefore, to cite a report in APA style, write the report’s individual author’s last name(s), or the organization’s name, and the year it was published.
Examples of a narrative and parenthetical in-text citation for a report by a single individual author and a single organization author are below:
Narrative: Author’s Surname/Organization’s Name (Year)
Parenthetical: (Author’s Surname/Organization’s Name, Year)
Narrative: United Nations Environment Programme (2020)… or Alvaredo (2018)…
Parenthetical: (United Nations Environment Programme, 2020) or (Alvaredo, 2018)
Formatting a reference list entry for a report in APA style (be it a research, technical, or government report) is similar to formatting the entry for a book. The citation for a report should include the name of the author or the organization who produced the report, the title of the report, publisher, year of publication, and the URL.
See below for a template and example for how to create a reference list entry for a report in APA style.
Author’s Last Name, First Initial/Organization Name. (Year). Title of the report. Publisher Name (if different from author name). URL
American Petroleum Institute. (2009). Addressing uncertainty in oil and natural gas industry greenhouse gas inventories: Technical considerations and calculation methods. http://www.api.org/~/media/Files/EHS/climate-change/Addressing_Uncertainty.pdf