Use the following template or our APA Citation Generator to cite a e-book or pdf. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published). Title (p. Pages Used). City: Publisher. Retrieved from http://Website URL


ÖZKAHRAMAN, PhD RN, Ş., & YILDIRIM, PhD RN, B. (2011). An Overview of Critical Thinking in Nursing and Education (1st ed., pp. 192, 193). Retrieved from

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Author Surname, Year Published)


Thinking and learning are interrelated; one must think to gain knowledge. To be able to add to the depth and breadth of an individual’s knowledge, the individual must become more aware of and more skilled in thinking and the cognitive processes. Critical thinking in nursing education is a means by which nurses can use analysis, questioning, interpretation, and reflection to resolve patient care issues.” (ÖZKAHRAMAN, PhD RN & YILDIRIM, PhD RN, 2011)

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